types of japanese chisels

| |

Japanese chisels are arguably some of the most versatile tools in a toolbox. They come in all shapes and sizes, from small hand chisels to hefty bench chisels, and can be used for a variety of tasks ranging from nailing boards together to carving intricate details into wood. So what are the different types of Japanese chisels? Here’s a look:

The first type is the standard hand saw-type Japanese chisel. It has a thin blade with a V-shape cross-section that makes it ideal for cutting curves and detailed work.

Next is the meat cleaver type Japanese chisel. This tool is designed for chopping through dense materials like bone or heavy skinned poultry. Its thick blade means that it can take more force to chop through tough material, but its unique shape also helps prevent tearouts when making deep cuts.

Then there’s the coping saw type Japanese chisel. This tool has a shorter blade than the hand saw type and is designed specifically for removing large sections of wood without damaging surrounding areas. Because its blade is so short, this particular Japanese chisel is best suited for precision work where accuracy and detail are key factors.

And finally, we have the bench grinder type Japanese chisel. This tool sports a long, thin blade that’s perfect for smoothing out rough edges on furniture or other wooden surfaces before applying finish treatments or sealants. Its long handle also makes it easy to grip and control while grinding away at your project

The Different Types of Japanese Chisels

There are many different types of Japanese chisels, each designed for a specific purpose. The most common type is the tsukuba, which is used for general woodworking. Other popular types include the kiridashi, used for carving; the nata, used for shaping metal; and the uchigatana, used for cutting through thick materials.

The tsukuba is the most versatile of all the Japanese chisels, and can be used for a variety of tasks such as chopping, paring, and mortising. It has a wide blade that tapers to a sharp point, making it ideal for working with both soft and hardwoods.

The kiridashi is a smaller chisel that is perfect for detailed carving work. It has a very thin blade that can be easily maneuverable in tight spaces.

The nata is a heavier duty chisel that is designed for shaping metal. It has a wide blade with teeth along its edge that help to grip the material being worked on.

Finally, the uchigatana is a large cutting tool that is often used to chop through thick pieces of wood or metal. It has a long blade with a serrated edge that makes it easy to penetrate even the toughest materials.

The History of Japanese Chisels

Japanese chisels have been around for centuries, and their use can be traced back to the days of the samurai. These warriors were known for their skill in using a variety of weapons, and the chisel was one of their most commonly used tools.

There are two main types of Japanese chisels: the kiridashi and the kanna. The kiridashi is a small, sharp knife that was used for carving wood and other materials. The kanna is a larger tool that was used for shaping wood and other materials.

Both types of Japanese chisels are still used today, although they are more commonly found in hobby shops than in warrior arsenals.

The Different Uses for Japanese Chisels

Japanese chisels come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, each designed for a specific purpose. Here are just a few of the most common types of Japanese chisels and their uses:

1. Kanna – The kanna is a large, flat chisel used for planing wood. It is pushed along the grain of the wood, taking off thin shavings with each stroke.

2. Hira-nomi – The hira-nomi is a small, pointed chisel used for carving out small details and shaping wood.

3. Tsurugi – The tsurugi is a long, thin chisel used for cutting curves and delicate lines into wood.

4. Ao-shime – The Ao-shime is a heavy-duty chisel used for chopping out large chunks of wood or breaking up blocky pieces of lumber.

How to Use a Japanese Chisel

A chisel is a tool with a sharpened blade that is used for carving or cutting wood. Japanese chisels are known for their high quality and precision. There are many different types of Japanese chisels, each designed for a specific purpose.

In this article, we will discuss how to use a Japanese chisel. We will also go over the different types of Japanese chisels and what they are used for.

Japanese Chisel Basics

Japanese chisels are made from two different types of steel: carbon steel and white steel. Carbon steel is harder than white steel and holds an edge longer, but it is also more difficult to sharpen. White steel is easier to sharpen but does not hold an edge as long as carbon steel. Most Japanese chisels are made from carbon steel.

The blade of a Japanese chisel is held in place by a wooden handle (called the tang) that is inserted into a metal ferrule. The ferrule helps to keep the tang from splitting the wood of the handle over time. The entire assembly (chisel + tang + ferrule) is then held together by rivets or screws.

Most Japanese chisels have one bevel (the angle between the blade and the side of the chisel). This bevel can either be steep (around 30 degrees) or shallow (around 15 degrees). Steep-beveled chisels are used for tougher cuts, while shallow-beveled ones are better suited for finer work. Some Japanese chisels have double bevels (a secondary bevel near the tip of the blade), which makes them even sharper and better suited for very fine work.

How to Care for a Japanese Chisel

Japanese chisels are prized for their sharpness and durability, and are a staple of woodworking shops around the world. Unlike Western-style chisels, Japanese chisels have a bevel on both sides of the blade, which makes them ideal for fine work. Here are some tips on how to care for your Japanese chisels:

1. Keep the blades clean and sharp. This is probably the most important tip when it comes to caring for any kind of chisel. A dull blade will not only make your work more difficult, but it can also damage the wood you’re working with. Keep a honing stone or diamond file handy so you can keep the blades sharp.

2. Protect the blades when not in use. Chisels should be stored in a tool chest or other safe place where they won’t be damaged. If you don’t have a dedicated storage space, wrap the chisels in old towels or rags to protect the blades.

3. Oil the metal parts regularly. Japanese chisels are made of high-carbon steel, which can rust if it’s not properly cared for. Wipe down the metal parts with an oiled cloth after each use, and store the chisels in a dry place. You can also buy special waxes designed to protect tools from rusting (available at most hardware stores).

With proper care, your Japanese chisels will last for many years and provide years of enjoyment in your woodworking shop!

Japanese Chisel Safety Precautions

Japanese chisels are some of the most popular and versatile tools used in woodworking. While they come in a variety of shapes and sizes, they all share one common trait: a sharp blade. This makes them perfect for everything from carving out delicate details to chopping through tough lumber.

However, as with any sharp tool, there is always the potential for injury. That’s why it’s important to take some basic safety precautions when using Japanese chisels. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

Wear gloves: Always wear gloves when using Japanese chisels. This will help protect your hands from the sharp blades and prevent accidental cuts.

Use a vice or clamp: When working on larger pieces of wood, it’s important to secure the workpiece in a vice or clamp. This will help keep it steady while you’re working and prevent the piece from slipping or moving around.

Be careful of the blade: The blades on Japanese chisels are extremely sharp. Be careful not to accidentally cut yourself while handling the tool. Also, be sure to keep the blade covered when not in use to prevent cuts or injuries.

Use proper technique: When using Japanese chisels, be sure to use proper technique. This means holding the tool correctly and using controlled, smooth strokes when cutting into the wood. Remember that rushing or forcing the tool can lead to accidents so take your time and be patient.

The Benefits of Using Japanese Chisels

There are many different types of chisels available on the market, but Japanese chisels offer a number of advantages over their counterparts. For one, they are typically made from harder steel, which means they can hold an edge for longer and are less likely to dull quickly. Additionally, Japanese chisels tend to be thinner and lighter than other types of chisels, making them easier to maneuver and control.

One of the most important things to consider when using any type of chisel is the angle at which you hold it. With Japanese chisels, you want to maintain a relatively shallow angle (around 25 degrees) in order to prevent the blade from slipping off the workpiece and causing damage or injury. This may take some getting used to if you’re accustomed to using Western-style chisels, but with a little practice, you’ll be able to get a feel for it.

Another thing to keep in mind is that Japanese chisels are meant to be pushed, not pounded. Pounding can damage both the tool and the workpiece, so it’s best avoided if at all possible. If you do need use some force when cutting, try striking the back of the blade with a wooden mallet instead. This will help distribute the force more evenly and avoid putting too much strain on any one part of the tool.

With these tips in mind, Japanese chisels can be an excellent addition to any woodworker’s toolkit. They may require a little bit of getting used to, but once you get the hang of them, you’ll appreciate their precision and durability.

Japanese Chisel FAQs

1. What are the different types of Japanese chisels?

There are many different types of Japanese chisels, each designed for a specific purpose. The most common type is the kiridashi, which is used for general carving and shaping work. Other popular types include the noko giri (used for cutting and trimming wood), the kanna (used for planing and flattening surfaces), and the hira shigoki (used for creating smooth, curved surfaces).

2. How do I choose the right Japanese chisel for my project?

The type of Japanese chisel you need will depend on the project you’re working on. For general carving and shaping work, a kiridashi is a good choice. If you’re looking to cut or trim wood, a noko giri would be a better option. And if you need to plane or flatten a surface, a kanna would be your best bet.

3 . How do I care for my Japanese chisels?

Proper care is important to extend the life of your tools and keep them performing at their best. After each use, wipe down your chisels with a clean cloth and store them in a dry, safe place. When not in use, it’s also a good idea to oil your chisels to prevent rusting.


what angle is best to sharpen a framing chisel

types of metal cutting chisels


Leave a Comment